Women & World Timeline


Key: Women, World

1903 National Women's Trade Union League is estalished; advocates improved wages & work conditions
1914 WWI begins
1916 Margaret Sanger opens first U.S. Birth Control clinic in Brooklyn, N.Y. Shut down 10 days later
1919 Federal woman suffrage amendment, introduced to congress in 1878, is passed
1921 Margaret Sanger founds American Birth Control League, evolves to Planned Parenthood in 1942
1929 U.S. Stock market crashes
1936

Federal law prohibiting dissemination of contraceptive information through mail is modified; Birth control no longer seen as obscene

1939 WWII begins
1944 D-Day at Normandy
1945 Atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan
1946 Winston Churchill delivers his “Iron Curtain” speech marking beginning of the Cold War
1947 Anne Frank's “Diary of a Young Girl” is published
1948 Ghandi assassinated
1949 Korean War begins
1955

Daughters of Bilitis, first lesbian organization in the U.S. Is founded; Rosa Parks refuses to sit in the back of the bus

1960> FDA approves birth control pills
1963

Congress passes Equal Pay Act making it illegal for employers to pay a woman less than what a man would receive for the same job

President Kennedy is shot
1964 Title VII of Civils Rights Act bars discrimination in employment on basis of race and sex
1966 National Organization for Women (NOW) is founded by a group of feminists
1968 Martin Luther King Jr. Is assassinated
1969 Shirley Chisholm of New York is first black woman in U.S. Representatives
  Armstong and Aldrian walk on the moon
1980 Smallpox is eradicated
1981 AIDS is identified
  Sandra Day O'Connor appointed to Supreme Court, first woman supreme justice
1984 Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi is assassinated
1985 Wilma Mankilled becomes first woman chief of the Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma
1989 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen of Florida becomes first Hispanic woman elected to congress
  Tiannamen Square massacre
1990 Dr. Antonia Novello is sworn in as first female U.S. Surgeon General
1991 Break of Soviet Union; U.S. And allies at war with Iraq
1993

Sheila Widnall becomes head of Air Force-- first female secretary of a branch of military; Janet Reno becomes first female attorney general

1995 Timothy McVeigh bombs Oklahoma federal building
1997 Madeleine Albright sworn in as U.S. Secretary of State
1999 World Trade Center and Pentagon terrorist attack
2004

Tsunami is South East Asia off Sumatra in Indonesia, kills about 290,000 people; Gay marriages in Massachusetts

2005 Condoleeza Rice becomes first African-American female Secretary of State
2006 Kuwait women vote for the first time in national elections
2007

Nancy Pelosi becomes first female Speaker of House of Representatives; Congress upholds Partial Birth Abortion Ban